Historically, Kampar District was once famous for its tin, being one of the major tin producers in the 18th century. In the 19th century, Kinta district was famous for its tin. It was the number one tin producing valley in the world.
Kampar refers to Bandar Kampar and the surrounding area of 10-20 square miles. Early exploration and settlement in Kampar are linked to the discovery of tin ore, hence it is no surprise that there are thoughts that ‘Kampar was developed on tin ore and up to the present day, tin ore is still being mined although at a lower intensity as a result of the declining market for tin.
From a geographical and geological viewpoint, Kampar is located within the radius of Lembah Kinta, its position resembling a crater at the foot-end of Gunung Bujang Melaka that is irrigated by Sungai Keranji dan Sungai Kampar which comprises alluvial soil that is rich with tin metals. These rivers cause the soil and gravel that contains tin metal to settle at the river banks and base. This process happened millions of years ago, making this area abound with mounds of tin ore.
In earlier days, mining activity in Kampar was carried out by digging small holes to obtain soil that contains ore and panning along the river banks of Sungai Keranji and Sungai Kampar as well as low water catchment areas. This traditional method was premoninantly carried out by the Chinese whereas the Europeans improved economic activities surrounding tin ore mining by introducing the pump way hearth and dredge. Both methods increased the production of tin ore and contributed to creating job opportunities to the people of Kampar and its vicinity. This continued up until the decline in the market for tin early 1983.
Early settlers in Kampar and the rapidly growing mining industry has induced the influx of migrants especially from Mainland China and those residing in Penang and Taiping to start their new lives in Kampar as miners, businessmen, etc.
Today Kampar has developed as Daerah Kecil Gopeng's administrative centre and Kampar as the financial and business centre for the surrounding population. The necessary facilities and infrastructure has been provided by the government for the residents of Kampar such as Hospitals, schools, water and electricity supply etc. In addition, the Kampar District Council was established to manage and enforce the required laws and regulations including managing the cleanliness and sanitary requirements of Kampar.
- Pembantu Akauntan W17